ESKATOLOGI ISLAM SHIA: ESKATOLOGI DUA DIMENSI | SHIA ISLAMIC ESCHATOLOGY: A TWO DIMENSIONAL ESCHATOLOGY

Justin L Wejak

Abstract


Abstract

This paper explains an Islamic eschatology according to Shia,
and suggests that []Shia eschatology always has two dimensions
– religion and politics – and the two dimensions are inseperable.
Discussion surrounding Shia eschatology in this paper is
particularly focused on the Mahdism concept and the figure of
Mahdi. This paper is thus not intended to make a generalisation
about ‘Islamic eschatology’ as if there were only one type of Islam
with a single understanding of eschatology. Most Indonesian
Muslims are of Sunni type of Islam, and may not share the
viewpoint of Shia at all concerning eschatology. The key purpose
of this paper is rather to explore one version of understanding of
eschatology within Islam in order to provoke further reflection on
other perspectives on eschatology.

Keywords: Eschatology, Islam, Politics, Religion, Shia, Sunni,
Prophet Muhammad, Mahdism, Mahdi

Abstrak

Tulisan ini menjelaskan sebuah eskatologi Islam menurut Shia,
dan mengusulkan bahwa versi eskatologi Shia selalu memiliki dua
dimensi – agama dan politik – dan keduanya tak terpisahkan.
Pembahasan mengenai eskatologi Shia dalam tulisan ini khususnya
berfokus pada konsep Mahdisme dan figur Mahdi, menurut versi
Islam Shia. Maka tulisan ini tak dimaksudkan untuk membuat
generalisasi mengenai ‘eskatologi Islam’ seolah ada hanya satu
jenis Islam dengan pemahaman tunggal mengenai eskatologi.
Kebanyakan kaum Muslim Indonesian adalah penganut Sunni,
dan barangkali samasekali tak sependapat dengan pandangan Shia
tentang eskatologi. Tujuan utama tulisan ini sebetulnya untuk
menjelaskan satu versi pemahaman eskatologi dalam Islam agar
memprovokasi refleksi lebih lanjut tentang perspektif-perspektif
lain terkait eskatologi.

Kata-Kata Kunci: Eskatologi, Islam, Politik, Agama, Shia, Sunni,
Nabi Muhammad, Mahdisme, Mahdi.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31385/jl.v17i2.146.203-221

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