Novriana Gloria Hutagalung



Making use of the haecceitas theory of Duns Scotus, this text
critiques the statement that every person, and in fact everything
created, and especially people with disabilities, have an individual
uniqueness. This is based upon the uniqueness of the Triune God
who is relational. “Normal” people have self control, can decide
and make personal choices. They can stand on their own two
feet, and they are not dependent on others. The individuality
or personality of a disabled person is often reduced because
the disabled person is regarded as one who cannot do “normal”
activities without assistance. All living creatures are relational
beings because they have been created by and in God who is
relational. The Church witnesses, in the Athanasian Creed, to the
belief that the Triune God is Three separate Persons while being
One in Essence.

Keywords: Disability, Uniqueness, Personality, Trinity


Dengan menggunakan teori haecceitas dari Duns Scotus, tulisan
ini hendak mengulas kenyataan bahwa setiap manusia bahkan
setiap ciptaan, secara khusus orang dengan disabilitas, memiliki
ke-ini-an masing-masing yang bersumber dari ke-ini-an Allah
Trinitas yang relasional. Seorang manusia yang ‘normal’ adalah
orang yang menguasai diri, dapat memutuskan dan menentukan
pilihan bagi diri, mandiri, dan tidak bergantung kepada orang
lain. Individualitas ataupun kepribadian orang dengan disabilitas
sering direduksi karena orang dengan disabilitas dianggap tidak
dapat melakukan aktivitas secara ‘normal’ tanpa dibantu orang
lain. Seluruh makhluk hidup adalah makhluk yang relasional
karena diciptakan oleh dan dalam Allah yang relasional. Gereja
menyaksikan iman, melalui Pengakuan Iman Athanasius, bahwa
Allah Trinitas tidak bercampur dalam Tiga Pribadi (persona) dan
tidak terpisah dalam Esensi-Nya (substantia).

Kata kunci: Disabilitas, Ke-ini-an, Kepribadian, Komuni, Trinitas

Full Text:



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