Antara Larangan dan Pengecualian: Ihwal Partisipasi Aktif Imam dalam Partai Politik dan dalam Jabatan Publik

Rikardus Jehaut

Abstract


This article - inspired by the notorious case of an Indonesian priest in North Sumatra running for public office despite stern and repeated warnings from his bishop not to do so - aims to elaborate the theme of active participation of priests in politics in the light of can. 285 § 3 and can. 287, § 2 of Code of Canon Law, using the method of juridical exegesis and historical-critical analysis of various legal grounds and various affirmations of the Church's Magisterium. Through careful study, the author shows that the Church, while acknowledge the political right of priests as well as the provision for exeption, imposing a prohibition on them from participating actively in the political arena. The ratio legis behind such prohibition are threefold, namely safeguard canonically the identity and the mission of the priests; priest as a symbol of unity, fraternity and peace; respect for the peculiar duties of the laity in politics. The author argues that the priests should not be given a permission to take any public office and should not take sides in the area of party politics since there are no situation that make it necessary to intervene in that way.

 

Key words: Active participation, politic, priest, prohibition, exeption


Full Text:

PDF

References


Dokumen Konsili dan Hukum

Vatican Council II, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, Lumen Gentium, dalam Austin Flannery (ed.), Vatican Council II. The Conciliar and post conciliar Documents. New Revised Edition, Vol. 1. New York: Costello Publishing Company, 1992.

________________, Decree on the Apostolate ofthe Laity, Apostolicam Actuositatem, dalam Austin Flannery (ed.), Vatican Council II. The Conciliar and post conciliar Documents. New Revised Edition, Vol. 1. New York: Costello Publishing Company, 1992.

________________, Decree on the ministry and life of priests, Prebyterorum ordinis, dalam Austin Flannery (ed.), Vatican Council II. The Conciliar and post conciliar Documents. New Revised Edition, Vol. 1. New York: Costello Publishing Company, 1992.

Codex Iuris Canonici, Pii X Pontificis Maximi iussu digestus, Benedicti Papae XV auctoritatae promulgates, Romae 1917, dalam Acta Apostolicae Sedis, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1917, hlm. 5-521. Terjemahan bahasa Inggris Edward Peters, The 1917 Pio-Benedictine Code of Canon Law in English Translation with Extensive Scholarly Apparatus. San Francesco: Ignatius Press, 2001.

Codex Iuris Canonici, auctoritate Ioannis Pauli Papae II promulgates, dalam Acta Apostolicae Sedis, Vol. 75, 1985 pars II. Terj. bahasa Indonesia: Kitab Hukum Kanonik, Sekretariat KWI (ed.,), cet. Kedua, Obor, Jakarta 2010.

Sinode of Bishops, Ministerial priesthood, 30 November 1971, part II, I, 2, dalam A. Flannery (ed.), Vatican II. More Postconciliar Documents. New York: Costello Publishing Company, 1998.

Dokumen Takhta Apostolik

Benedictus XVI, Deus caritas est. Città del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2006.

_____________, “L’incontro con i sacerdoti, i religiosi, le religiose, i seminaristi e i laici nel seminario di San Gall, a Qudah”, L’osservatore Romano 20 Novembre 2011.

Catechism of the Catholic Church Modification from the Editio Typica, trans. United States Catholic Conference. Città del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1997.

Congregation for the Clergy and Others, Insruction on some questions regarding the collaboration of lay faithful in the ministry of priests, 15 August 1997, dalam Enchridion Vaticanum, Vol.16, 1997.

_________________________________, Direttorio per Il Ministero e la Vita dei Presbiteri. Nuova Edizione. Città del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013.

John Paul II, Discourse to diocesan and religious priests, Mexico 27 January 1979.

__________, “Catechism of the General Audience”, 28 July 1993, dalam L'Osservatore Romano, 29 July 1993.

Leo XII, Epist. Enc. Constanti Hungarorum 2 Settembris 1893, dalam Fontes III, hlm. 407-408.

Pontificio Commissio Ad Codicis Canones Authentice Interpretandis, “Dubia circa canonem 139”, dalam Acta Apostolica Sedis, Vol. 14, 1922.

Pontificio Commissio Codici Iuris Canonici Recognoscendo, “Schema canonum Libri II De Populo Dei”, dalam Communicationes, Vol. 14, 1982.

Pontifical Council for the Laity, Doctrinal note on some questions regarding the participation of Catholics in Political Life: A Publication of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Rome: Vatican Press, 2002.

Sacra Congregatione Concilii, Decretum Cum activa, dalam Acta Apostolica Sedis, Vol. 49, 1957.

Sacra Congregazione pro Clericis, “Declaratio Quidam episcopi de quibusdam associationibus vel coadunationibus quae omnibus clericus prohibentur”, dalam Acta Apostolica Sedis, Vol. 74, 1982.

Buku dan Artikel

Achacoso, Jaime. “The Ban on Priests from Public Office”. Philippine Canonical Forum, Vol. 11, 2009.

Cariquiry, Gusmán. “Sacedoti e laici: il giusto rapporto”. Sacrum Ministerium, Vol. 16, Marzo 2010.

Cordes, Paul. Perché sacerdote?. Milano: Edizione san Paolo, 2010.

De Bernardis, Lazzaro. “Il clero e la politica tra il Codex del 1917 e quello del 1983”, dalam Av.Vv, Studi di memoria di Mario Condorelli, Vol. I / I. Giuffrè: Milano, 1988.

Flannery, Austin (ed.). Vatican II. More Postconciliar Documents. New York: Costello Publishing, 1998.

Incitti, Giacomo. Il Sacramento dell’Ordine nell Codice di Diritto Canonico. Città del Vaticano: Urbaniana University Press, 2013.

Kleden, Paul Budi. “Berfilsafat dan Berteologi di Indonesia”, Jurnal Ledalero, Vol. 18, No. 2, Desember 2019.

Martins, Jose. Il Sacerdozio in un mondo che cambia. Città del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2011.

Melnyk, Mykhaylo. “L’impegno in politica dei cattolici”. Oikonomia, Vol. 3, Ottobre 2018.

Navarro, Luis. “Il divieto di participare attiva nei partiti politici e di assunzione di uffici pubblici”. Folia Canonica, Vol. 10, 2007.

Panitia Sinode III Keuskupan Ruteng. Dokumen Sinode III 2013-2015 Keuskupan Ruteng. Yogyakarta: asdaMEDIA, 2017.

Tremblay, Réal. “Cristologia e identita sacerdotale”. Sacrum Ministerium, Vol. 16, 2010.

Sorge, Bartolomeo. “La Chiesa, i sacerdoti e la politica”. Aggiornamento Sociale, Vol. 5, Maggio 2008.

Internet

CatholicNews, “Pastor Rantinus Resmi Deklarasikan Diri Sebagai Calon Bupati Tapanuli Tengah” dalam https://katoliknews.com/2016/06/30/pastor-rantinus-resmi-deklarasikan-diri-sebagai-calon-bupati-tapanuli-tengah/, diakses 05/08/2020.

Catholic News Agency, “Priests cannot be replaced by the laity, Pope Benedict explains”, dalam https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/priests_cannot_be_replaced_by_the_laity_pope_benedict_explains. Diakses 04/08/2020.

Jehaut, Rikardus “Ketentuan Hukum Kanonik Tentang Keterlibatan Imam Dalam Politik”, dalam https://www.mirifica.net/2018/04/19/ketentuan-hukum-kanonik-tentang-keterlibatan-imam-dalam-politik/




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31385/jl.v19i2.207.101-113

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter Creative Commons License
Copyright© 2015 JURNAL LEDALERO This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Ledalero Catholic School of Philosophy Jalan Trans Maumere-Ende - Sikka - Flores - Nusa Tenggara Timur - Indonesia Telp/Fax: 0382 2426535