MENGAPA ORANG KATOLIK MASIH MENJALANKAN RITUAL MARAPU? Menguak Praktik Iman Ganda Di Loura

Herman Punda Panda

Abstract


The phenomenon of dualism in practising the faith among Catholics who
converted from Sumbanese ethnic religion (Marapu) is a real challenge
faced by the Catholic Church in Sumba. Such dualism is transparent
in the practices of using simultaneously both Catholic and Marapu
rites in the popular religiosity of Sumbanese Catholics. Both Catholic
priests and Marapu ritual leaders are asked by the people, on different
occassions, to perform rituals for their benefit. These two kinds of ritual
leaders are equally considered as mediators of communication between
human beings and the supernatural world. Such a practice reveals a deep
encounter between Catholic and Sumbanese ethnic religion regarding
the form, direction and means of communication between humans
and supernatural beings. The author’s fieldwork at Weepangali in the
district of Sumba Barat Daya, from January to August 2013, reveals a
new concept and understanding of mediation, that is a mixture between
a Catholic concept and a Marapu one. Some supernatural figures in
Marapu religion are equated with those in Catholic devotions. This new
understanding, however, is not formally and institutionally recognized
in either the Marapu or Catholic hierarchies, but rather found more
informally and spontaneously in the religious experience of Sumbanese
Catholics. This phenomenon indicates the strong mutual influence
between Catholic and Marapu experience, after a prolonged and ongoing
encounter.

Kata-kata Kunci: Dunia empiris, dunia meta-empiris, ritual Marapu,
doktrin Katolik, pengalaman religius, pengantaraan, perjumpaan.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31385/jl.v13i1.69.109-132

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