LATAR BELAKANG, WARNA DASAR, DAN PENGARUH REFORMASI PROTESTAN TAHUN 1517 | BACKGROUND, BASIC CONTOURS AND IMPACT OF THE 1517 PROTESTANT REFORMATION

George Ludwig Kirchberger

Abstract


Abstract: This article illustrates the background of. and reasons
for, the Reformation, the basic contours of Luther’s theology
and the Reformation movement he initiated, and the influence
of the Reformation movement on the present situation. A brief
description of the post-Reformation inter-Christian Church
controversies for approximately 400 years is also presented,
highlighting the fact that the theology of the time was unaware
of the contextual influence of a text as the deepest reason for the
controversy. The hermeneutical consciousness of the twentieth
century led theology to overcome various inter-Christian
Church controversies by showing that different and seemingly
contradictory formulas could express the same truth, provided that
each was placed in its original context. The author proposes as an
example of the influence of the events of the Reformation on the
present situation, the very important issue of religious freedom in
situations such as Indonesia with a variety of religions and beliefs.
In concluding the author gives advice on how different Christian
Churches can learn from each other, so that they remain active
in renewing the Church according to the ecclesia semper reformanda
principle.

Keywords: Reformation, Martin Luther, ecumenical, interChristian
Church relationship, World Council of Churches.

Abstrak: Artikel ini menggambarkan latar belakang dan alasan
peristiwa Reformasi, warna dasar teologi Luther dan gerakan
Reformasi yang dibangunnya, serta pengaruh gerakan Reformasi
terhadap situasi dewasa ini. Deskripsi singkat kontroversi
antar-Gereja Kristen pasca-Reformasi selama kurang lebih 400
tahun juga dimuat di sini dengan menampilkan kenyataan
bahwa teologi waktu itu tidak menyadari pengaruh konteks
atas suatu teks sebagai alasan terdalam lahirnya kontroversi
itu. Kesadaran hermeneutis membuat teologi pada abad XX itu
sanggup mengatasi pelbagai kontroversi antar-Gereja Kristen
dengan membuktikan, rumusan yang berbeda dan bertentangan
bisa menyatakan kebenaran yang sama, asalkan masing-masing
ditempatkan dalam konteksnya yang asli. Sebagai suatu contoh
pengaruh peristiwa Reformasi atas situasi dewasa ini, pengarang
mengemukakan kebebasan beragama yang sangat penting dalam
situasi seperti di Indonesia dengan anekaragam agama dan
kepercayaan. Pada tempat terakhir penulis memberikan anjuran
tentang bagaimana Gereja-gereja Kristen yang berbeda bisa saling
belajar, agar mereka tetap aktif membarui Gereja seturut prinsip
ecclesia semper reformanda.
Kata-kata kunci: reformasi, Martin Luther, ekumene, relasi
antar-Gereja Kristen, World Council of Churches.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31385/jl.v16i2.98.226-242

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